A term coined by the Gaia Foundation, the African Biodiversity Network and partners, to describe the bedrock that needs to be strengthened for achieving community and ecosystem resilience. This can be achieved through accompanying communities to revive and protect indigenous knowledge, seed and food systems, sacred natural sites and their community governance systems; the passing of knowledge between generations; restoring cultural identity and con dence – especially among women; and re-weaving respectful relationships within the community and with the Earth.